Lunar meteorites are celestial wanderers originating from the Moon's surface. Unlike Earth rocks, they bear unique isotopic signatures, unveiling mysteries of the Moon's composition. These extraterrestrial gems provide an exciting bridge to lunar exploration, offering scientists glimpses into lunar geology without the need for a manned mission. For collectors, owning a piece of the Moon becomes a tangible connection to our celestial neighbor, making lunar meteorites prized artifacts that traverse the vastness of space to land in the hands of enthusiasts on Earth.
AN INTRODUCTION TO LUNAR METEORITES
Lunar meteorites or Lunaites, are fragments that were ejected from the moon by impact of an asteroidal meteoroid or a comet. Due to the gravitational field of the earth and the sun, it could take these meteorites a few years to thousands of years to fall onto earth’s surface.
The lunar origin is established by comparing the mineralogy, the chemical composition, and the isotopic composition between these meteorites, and samples collected by the Apollo missions or measurements done through various NASA missions.
Less than 1% of all meteorites discovered are of lunar origin. These rare samples allow us to learn a lot about Moon and Earth’s earliest formation.
It is scientific consensus that the earth and the moon formed when Earth collided with a small protoplanet named Theia about 4.5 billion years ago. The remaining debris from this impact collected in an orbit around the Earth where it finally formed into the Moon we look up at today.
Classification: polymict breccia
Age: 3 billion years old
Origin: North West Africa
Type: lunar meteorite
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